要搞定The first个方面，提高听力能力是The best解；要搞定第二个方面，仅凭听力能力，严谨的说，是不够的。尤其是作者态度题，出现在很多讲座或者对话的最后一题，看起来一成不变，人畜无害，实则花样挺多，特会给自己加戏。
1、What is the professor's opinion of ?
2、What can be inferred about the student when he/she says this (reply)?
3、What is the professor's attitude about/toward...?
4、What does the man/woman mean when he/she says this?
※ tip：作者态度题的题干里多半有opinion，attitude这类词，此外有的问法里面会有infer，imply 这类词，需注意和其他题型作区分。
※ tip：这类题目需要大家从语调上做出判断，TPO 里面有不少这样的题。
TPO16 L4 (Script)
They actually broke them? That showed good judgment, real foresight, didn't it?
Yes, if only they had known.
17. What does the student imply when she says this?
A.It is unfortunate that people in the 19th century destroyed old stained-glass windows.
B.Stained-glass windows made in the 19th century are more beautiful than those made earlier.
C.It was necessary for people in the 19th century to break stained-glass windows.
D.Stained-glass windows made in the 19th century are more valuable today than windows in previous centuries.
解析：学生在原文说到 That showed good judgment, real foresight, didn't it? 的时候，最后的语调很明显是上扬的，属于反话正话，此外，教授的回应也呼应了学生的负面态度，所以对应答案 A。
TPO23 L1 (Script)
Well, scientists have recently analyzed the inscriptions on the mechanism and re-examine the other cargo in the ship wreck, and the evidence makes an absolute casethat this device dates back to ancient Greece somewhere between 150 and 100 B.C.E. What makes that so fascinating is that before we found the Antikythera Mechanism, the earliest device we had that could track the Sun and moon like this was invented over 1,000 years later. So when this was first found, people literally would not believe it. Some of my colleagues insisted it had to have been made well after 100 B.C.E. But this physical evidence was conclusive. It was that old.
8. What is the professor's attitude about the proposition that the Antikythera Mechanism is over two thousand years old?
A.She is confident that the dating is accurate.
B.She is sure the dating will be revised in the future.
C.She is surprised that the dating remains inconclusive.
D.She believes that additional testing will be needed to confirm the dating.
解析：作者在原文提到 the evidence makes an absolute case that this device dates back to ancient Greece somewhere between 150 and 100 B.C.E.后面在转折词but 后继续提到 the physical evidence is conclusive. 也就是”absolutely, conclusive “ 这些词都体现出作者对于它的年龄分析是肯定的。当然professor在陈述这些情况的时候语音语调有明显的升华，( 暗示着大家这是一个出题点，速记的时候要有敏感度)。 因此答案选A。
●肯定态度 (positive): favorable, approval, enthusiastic, supportive
●否定态度(negative):disapproval, dissatisfied, objection, opposition,critical, compromising, concerned
●怀疑态度 (doubtful): suspicious, incredulous, skeptical, questionable
TPO24 L1 (Script)
I heard some great examples of this on the television program on crocodiles last week. Anyone catch it? It had a few interesting bits. But you know, uh, you have to be careful, think critically. Sometimes I don't know where these shows find their experts.
9. What is the professor's opinion about the television program that she mentions?
A She is concerned about the accuracy of some of the information the experts provided.
B She is hopeful that the class will be able to discuss it.
C.She thinks it was overly critical of some recent theories about crocodiles.
D.She is surprised that it did not include more examples of crocodile communication.
解析：从前面几句话来看，作者觉得电视中关于鳄鱼的节目是有点意思的。但是之后她的语气有明显的停顿 (暗示出题点)，并在转折之后表示希望同学们careful，critically，即仔细点，犀利一些，想想这些节目从哪儿找来的专家，这体现出作者对这些节目的质疑，因此答案是A选项，值得注意的是，此题中的C选项虽然有critical 这个词，但是它的意思是指“电视节目过于 critical了，有悖于原文的意思，不能选。